The report, Competitiveness and Innovative Capacity of the United States, said the pace of university patenting, licensing of technology to industry, and the proliferation of university?linked startup companies slowed starting in 2000, a slowdown that persisted after the brief recession of the early 2000s.

The US Department of Commerce has identified a slow-down in university‐linked start-up companies as a cause for concern in its latest report. The report, Competitiveness and Innovative Capacity of the United States, said: "By the late 1980s, university patenting, licensing of technology to industry, and the proliferation of university‐linked startup companies all began to accelerate,…

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