Jennie Flint, commercialisation associate at Cambridge Enterprise, considers the difference between the features of a technology and its benefits.

Here at Cambridge, where there is revolutionary science going on in many departments, researchers are highly familiar with explaining their work to other researchers. Many scientists, however, also want their work to improve the world.

An essential first step toward achieving that impact is being able to explain one’s work to non-scientists and to convey why it is exciting. To do this, researchers need to answer a central question: “What are the positive differences – or benefits – the research can make for this external audience?”

As part of my role at Cambridge Enterprise, I attend a large variety of research-based events. It is exciting to hear so many different scientists talk about their work. As I listen to researchers, I am often mentally translating the “features” they describe to potential “benefits”.

As someone whose role is to facilitate commercialisation, I look at research the way someone in industry would. This means I may ask questions that, to researchers, are unfamiliar. One of these is about the benefits of research.

Researchers are great at explaining scientific details and advances or features of their work. Typically, they focus on this in presentations. While scientifically fascinating, such presentations do not answer the question: “What are the benefits of this technology to industry?”

The easiest way to start thinking about benefits is to list everything that is good about the idea. Then mark each thing as either a feature – something that a technology does or has – or a benefit – an argument for the use of this technology instead of another one. Often this exercise yields only a list of features.

The next step is to extrapolate the benefits from these features. Why would someone switch to using this technology over what already exists? Remember that new technology is often more expensive when it first comes to market, so the case needs to be compelling. Ultimately, why should someone care about the technology when they have another way of achieving the same goal?

A good example of this is a technology that is now part of one of our spinouts, 8power. The academic initially brought us a new energy harvester design that uses “waste” vibrational energy from the environment more efficiently. This feature could look like a benefit until you think about it more carefully – who might need an efficient energy harvester that uses vibrational energy and why?

As with many of the technologies we work on, the energy harvester has many potential applications. The initial application was for bridges where traditionally structural integrity is monitored by periodic inspection. The problem that needs solving is how to monitor bridges for breakdown more frequently economically so that problems can be picked up early and resolved before they become costly to fix or they endanger lives.

Monitoring vibration can provide this insight. Simultaneously using the vibration as the source of power for a self-contained sensor that can operate for long periods, without battery changes, would be highly attractive. But only some structures vibrate enough to provide power levels high enough to compete with batteries, and so the company is also developing battery and solar power to allow it to serve the bridge monitoring market, while developing other markets where vibration is more readily available.

The question of the true benefit of this technology in this application is still open to debate, however. Is it safer bridges or is it the lower cost of monitoring the bridges for safety? This highlights an important aspect of describing the benefits of a technology. What you say often depends on who you are talking to. The organisation responsible for bridge monitoring will almost certainly say the benefit is the cost saving. The ordinary commuter driving over the bridge will wholeheartedly say it is the safer bridge.

Getting to the crux of why someone should care about an innovation is right at the heart of communicating well with industry and beyond. Being able to identify and articulate the benefits of a technology is the key thing that industrial partners and investors are looking for. Honing this skill dramatically increases your chances of success, whether you are searching for industrial collaborators, increasing impact or starting your own company.

– This article first appeared on Cambridge Enterprise’s blog. It has been edited for style and republished with permission from the author.